Few European ports have the infrastructure to support floating offshore wind development, according to research undertaken as part of the Floating Wind Joint Industry Project.
Only a few ports in Scotland, Norway and Spain, out of the 96 examined, were found to have the necessary infrastructure, according to the report published on behalf of the Carbon Trust, LOC Renewables, WavEC and Cathie Associates. The infrastructure required includes a large set-down area and a wet storage area for assembled units.
Currently the largest floating offshore wind project has a capacity of 30MW, but organized infrastructure planning will be vital to accommodate bigger projects. LOC Group joint chief executive RV Ahilan said: “As the industry develops the necessary technologies to make floating offshore wind commercially viable, there is an urgent need for investment in port infrastructure to avoid delays in the deployment of large-scale floating offshore wind farms.”
The Floating Wind Joint Industry Project is a collaborative R&D initiative between The Carbon Trust and 12 offshore wind developers: EnBW, ENGIE, Eolfi, E.ON, Equinor, Iberdrola, innogy, Kyuden Mirai Energy, Ørsted, Shell, Vattenfall and Wpd. Supported by the Scottish Government, the JIP aims to investigate the challenges and opportunities of developing commercial-scale floating wind farms.